This page is intended as a clearinghouse for emerging literature pertaining to the human dimensions of large MPAs.
The list below is periodically updated, but is not comprehensive. Last update: July 1, 2016.
*Indicates open access articles.

Appleby, T., (2015) The Chagos Marine Protected Arbitration- A Battle of Four Losers? Journal of Environmental Law, 27(3):529-540

Araújo, J. L., and Bernard, E. (2016) Management effectiveness of a large marine protected area in Northeastern Brazil. Ocean & Coastal Management 130: 43 – 49 (2016).

*Ban, N.C., Evans, L.S., Nenadovic, M., Schoon, M. (2015) Interplay of multiple goods, ecosystem services, and property rights in large social-ecological marine protected areas. Ecology and Society 20(4).

Bastari, A., Micheli, F., Ferretti, F., Pusceddu, A. & Cerrano, C. (2016) Large marine protected areas (LMPAs) in the Mediterranean Sea: The opportunity of the Adriatic Sea. Marine Policy, 68:165-177.

Brouwer, R., Brouwer, S., Eleveld, M.A., Verbraak, M., Wagtendonk, A.J., van der Woerd, H.J. (2016) Public willingness to pay for alternative management regimes of remote marine protected areas in the North Sea. Marine Policy, 68: 195-204.

Day, J.C. (2002) Zoning – lessons from the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Ocean and Coastal Management, 45(2-3):139-156.

Day, J.C. & Dobbs, K. (2013) Effective governance of a large and complex cross-jurisdictional marine protected area: Australia’s Great Barrier Reef. Marine Policy, 41: 14-24.

*Devillers, R., Pressey, R.L., Grech, A., et al. (2014) Reinventing residual reserves in the sea: are we favouring ease of establishment over need for protection? Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Systems, 25(4): 480-504.

De Santo, E.M. (2013) Missing marine protected area (MPA) targets: How the push for quantity over quality undermines sustainability and social justice. Journal of Environmental Management, 124(4): 137-146.

Dunne, R.P, Polunin, N.V.C., Sand, P.H., Johnson, M.L. (2014). The Creation of the Chagoes Marine Protected Area: A Fisheries Perspective, 69:79-127.

Dulvy, N.K. (2013) Super-sized MPAs and the marginalization of species conservation. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Systems, 23(3): 357-362.

*Evans, L.S., Ban, N.C., Schoon, M., Nenadovic M. (2014) Keeping the great in the Great Barrier Reef: large-scale governance of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. International Journal of the Commons, 8(2): 396-427.

Fernandes, L., Day, J., Lewis, A., et al. (2005) Establishing representative no-take areas in the great barrier reef: large-scale implementation of theory on marine protected areas. Conservation Biology, 19(6): 1733-1744.

Fletcher, W.J., Kearney, R.E., Wise, B.S., Nash W.J. (2015) Large-scale expansion of no-take closures within the Great Barrier Reef has not enhanced fishery production. Ecological Applications, 25(5): 1187-1196.

Friedlander, A.M., Wagner, D., Gaymer, C.F., Wilhelm, T.A., Lewis, N., Brooke, S., Kikiloi, K., Ole, V. (2016). Co-operation between large-scale MPAs: successful experiences from the Pacific Ocean. Aquatic Conservation 26 (S2): 126-141.

Friedlander,A.M., Stamoulis, K.A., Kittinger, J.N., Drazen J.C., Tissot, B.N. (2014) Understanding the Scale of Marine Protection in Hawai‘i: From Community-Based Management to the Remote Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Advances in Marine Biology, 69:153-203.

*Gaymer, C.F., Stadel, A.V, Ban, N.C., C´arcamo P.F., Ierna J., Lieberknecht L.M. (2014) Merging top-down and bottom-up approaches in marine protected areas planning: experiences from around the globe. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Systems, 24(S2): 128-144.

*Graham, N.A.J. & McClanahan, T.R. (2013) The last call for marine wilderness? BioScience, 63(5): 397-402.

*Gruby, R.L., Gray, N.J., Campbell, L.M., Acton, L. (2015) Toward a Social Science Research Agenda for Large Marine Protected Areas, Conservation Letters, 9(3): 153-163.

Gruby, R.L. & Basurto, X. (2013) Multi-level governance for large marine commons: politics and polycentricity in Palau’s protected area network. Environmental Science and Policy, 33: 260-272.

Hilborn, R. (2013) Environmental costs of conservation victories. Proceedings of the National Academic of Sciences, 110(23): 9187.

Harris, P. (2014) Fortress, Safe Haven, or Home? The Chagos MPA in Political Context. Marine Policy, 46: 19-21.

Harris, P. (2015) Britannia Rules the Waves? The Law of the Sea, the British Indian Ocean Territory, and the Chagos Islanders’ Right to Return. Anthropology Today, 31(3): 18-19.

Harris, P. (2014) A Political Trilemma? International Security, Environmental Protection and Human Rights in the British Indian Ocean Territory. International Politics 51(1): 87-100.

Jones, P.J.S., and De Santo, E.M. (2016) Is the race for remote, very large marine protected areas (VLMPAs) taking us down the wrong track? Marine Policy, 73: 231-234.

Jones, P.J.S., Qiu, W. & DeSanto, E.M. (2013) Governing marine protected areas: social-ecological resilience through institutional diversity. Marine Policy, 41: 5-13.

Leenhardt, P., Cazalet, B., Salvat, B., Claudet J., Feral F. (2013) The rise of large-scale marine protected areas: conservation or geopolitics? Ocean and Coastal Management, 85(Part A): 112-118.

McCauley, D.J., Woods, P., Sullivan, B., Bergman, B., Jablonicky, C., Roan, A., Hirschfield, M., Boerder, K., Worm, B. (2016) Ending hide and seek at sea. Science, 351(6278):1148-1150.

Richmond, L. & Kotowicz, D. (2015) Equity and access in marine protected areas: the history and future of “traditional indigenous fishing” in the Marianas Trench Marine National Monument. Applied Geography, 59: 117-124.

Rotjan, R, Jamieson, R, Carr, B., et al. (2014) Establishment, Management, and Maintenance of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. In Advances in Marine Biology, edited by Magnus L. Johnson and Jane Sandell, 1st ed. London: Elsevier Ltd. 69, 289-324.

Sand, P.H. (2012) Fortress conservation trumps human rights? The “marine protected area” in the Chagos Archipelago. Journal of Environmental Development, 21(1): 36-39.

Sand, P.H. (2011). ‘Marine protected areas’ off UK overseas territories: comparing the South Orkneys Shelf and the Chagos Archipelago. The Geographical Journal, 178(3): 201-207.

Sand, P.H. (2007). ‘Green’ Enclosure of Ocean Space – Déjà Vu? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54(4):374-376.

Singleton, R.L. & Roberts, C.M. (2014) The contribution of very large marine protected areas to marine conservation: Giant leaps or smoke and mirrors? Marine Pollution Bulletin, 87(1-2): 7-10.

*Spalding, M.D., Meliane, I., Milam, A., Fitzgerald C., Hale L.Z. (2013) Protecting marine spaces: global targets and changing approaches. Pages 213-248 in A. Chircop, S. Coffen-Smout & M. McConnell, editors. Ocean Yearbook 27. Martinus Nijhoff.

Toonen, R.J., Wilhelm, T.A., Maxwell, S.M., et al. (2013) One size does not fit all: the emerging frontier in large-scale marine conservation. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 77(1-2): 7-10.

Trathan, P.N., Collins, M.A., Grant, S.M., Belchier, M., Barnes, D.K.A., Brown, J., Staniland, I.J. (2014) The South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands MPA: Protecting A Biodiverse Oceanic Island Chain Situated in the Flow of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Advance in Marine Biology, 69:15-78.

*Wilhelm T. A., Sheppard C. R. C., Sheppard A. L. S, Gaymer C. F., Parks J., Wagner D., and Lewis N., (2014) Large marine protected areas – advantages and challenges of going big. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Systems, 24(S2): 24–30.